Ngx Mail Core Module

Targeted Web Traffic
3 min readNov 29, 2023

ngx_mail_core_module The ngx_mail_core_module in Nginx is a fundamental module designed to handle mail protocols such as SMTP and IMAP. While Nginx is widely recognized for its prowess as an HTTP server, its versatility extends to managing mail-related functionalities through this dedicated module.

Here’s a more in-depth exploration of the ngx_mail_core_module with code examples:

Mail Configuration Block:

mail { # Global mail configuration directives go here server { # Server-specific directives go here } }

The mail block serves as the overarching configuration container for mail-related settings. Within this block, you can define one or more mail servers using the server directive.

Server Configuration:

mail { server { listen 25; protocol smtp; # Additional SMTP configuration directives go here } }

Example Configuration

worker_processes auto; error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log info; events { worker_connections 1024; } mail { server_name mail.example.com; auth_http localhost:9000/cgi-bin/nginxauth.cgi; imap_capabilities IMAP4rev1 UIDPLUS IDLE LITERAL+ QUOTA; pop3_auth plain apop cram-md5; pop3_capabilities LAST TOP USER PIPELINING UIDL; smtp_auth login plain cram-md5; smtp_capabilities "SIZE 10485760" ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES 8BITMIME DSN; xclient off; server { listen 25; protocol smtp; } server { listen 110; protocol pop3; proxy_pass_error_message on; } server { listen 143; protocol imap; } server { listen 587; protocol smtp; } }

Directives

Syntax:	listen address:port [ssl] [proxy_protocol] [backlog=number] [rcvbuf=size] [sndbuf=size] [bind] [ipv6only=on|off] [so_keepalive=on|off|[keepidle]:[keepintvl]:[keepcnt]]; Default:	- Context:	server

In this example, a basic mail server is configured to listen on port 25 for SMTP connections. The protocol directive specifies that this server block is intended for the SMTP protocol.

SSL/TLS Configuration:

mail { server { listen 465 ssl; protocol smtp; ssl_certificate /path/to/certificate.pem; ssl_certificate_key /path/to/private_key.pem; # Additional SSL configuration directives go here } }

For secure mail communication, you can enable SSL/TLS support using the ssl directive. This example configures the server to listen on port 465 for SMTP with SSL.

Access Control:

mail { server { listen 25; protocol smtp; allow 192.168.1.0/24; deny all; # Additional access control directives go here } }

Access control can be enforced using directives like allow and deny within a server block. In this case, the server allows connections from the IP range 192.168.1.0/24 while denying all others.

Authentication:

Nginx’s mail modules support various authentication mechanisms, such as auth_http, auth_mysql, or auth_pam. These can be configured to secure mail servers by validating user credentials.

The ngx_mail_core_module empowers Nginx to serve as a versatile mail server, offering a range of configuration options for different mail protocols and secure communication. This module, combined with additional mail-specific modules, allows Nginx to efficiently handle diverse mail-related tasks within a single server setup.

Defines the address and port configuration for the socket on which the server will accept incoming requests. You can specify only the port if needed. Additionally, the address can be represented as a hostname. For instance:

listen 127.0.0.1:110; listen *:110; listen 110; # same as *:110 listen localhost:110;

IPv6 addresses (0.7.58) are specified in square brackets:

listen [::1]:110; listen [::]:110;

UNIX-domain sockets (1.3.5) are specified with the “unix:” prefix:

listen unix:/var/run/nginx.sock;

The proxy_protocol parameter (introduced in version 1.19.8) enables the specification that all connections accepted on this port should utilize the PROXY protocol. This feature allows the acquired information to be transmitted to the authentication server and can be leveraged to modify the client address on the website.

Originally published at https://github.com.

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